GLOSSARY OF TERMS
Bold Print = official term/nomenclature
Bold/ Italics = slang terminology
A&O Administration & Orientation – Formal process of indoctrinating the inmate into a BOP facility.
ADX BOP Administrative Maximum-Security Prison; commonly referred to as a “Supermax” Prison
Administrative Remedy Protracted administrative process by which an inmate is required to file a formal grievance against the BOP. A prerequisite to filing any type of federal civil tort claim is to “…first exhaust all administrative remedies.”
Bed Book Count Usually unannounced official BOP inmate count requiring all inmates to stand next to their assigned “racks” while holding their official BOP inmate I.D. cards and be verified by two (2) or more CO with photographs of inmates and BOP registration numbers. This specific type count can also be initiated in response to an irreconcilable Stand-up or any of the other routine counts.
Behind-the-Fence Being incarcerated in a low/medium/high BOP facility that has a fence (or wall) confining the inmates – not a Camp.
Been Down Period of time that one has been incarcerated.
Bit Term referring to a sentence served or being served.
Bocce Ball Outdoor game that is a cross between bowling and shuffleboard (wooden balls) popular in Camps.
Book Total of twenty (20) U.S. postage stamps commonly used as inmate “currency.”
BOP U.S. Bureau of Prisons
Call-Out Daily posting from BOP staff members announcing an individual inmate’s medical appointments, meetings, etc. for the following day, thereby excusing the inmate from a routine work detail.
Camp Federal minimum-security penal facility – No Fence, etc.
Camp-Low A Camp with a fence or other minimum confinement for those inmates that rate a Camp, but have “security issues” such as being an illegal alien or an inmate with a detainer from another jurisdiction.
Camper Moniker for BOP inmate designated to a Camp facility.
Camp Driver A Camp inmate assigned to drive other inmates around or run errands within the confines of a BOP installation.
CCC Community Corrections Center (Halfway House).
CCM Community Corrections Manager – Person who is in charge of the CCC in their respective regions.
Census Count Routine 0800 hrs (AM) and 1300 hrs (PM) inmate count conducted by one (1) CO who will do a head- count in the inmate housing unit, administrative building, etc. and then combine those numbers with the various work details and call-outs to establish an approximate census for inmate accountability.
C.F.R. Code of Federal Regulations
C.O. or CO Corrections Officer – Principle workforce of the BOP.
Commissary BOP maintained store for inmates to purchase personal hygiene items, clothing, supplemental food, office supplies, stamps, etc. Usually open one (1) day-a-week in a Camp.
Commissary Account Inmate’s personal BOP account with funds supplied either from BOP work detail salary or outside contributions from the inmate’s family/friends. The inmate can transfer funds from this account to his/her ITS account. Any fines and/or restitution will be removed from this account also. Also referred to as the “Trust Fund Account.”
Controlled Move A specific period of time (i.e. “10-minute Move“) that BOP inmates are authorized to move/change locations from one area of a facility to another. Practice usually found only in FCI and USP environments.
Cop-Out Specific BOP Form (BP-A148.055) required to submit a specific request to a BOP staff member.
Count(s) The very life-blood of the BOP. The daily process by which every BOP inmate is physically accounted for. In addition to the various counts specifically identified herein, routine inmate “counts” will also usually be conducted by two (2) CO at 2200 hrs, midnight, 0300 hrs, and 0500 hrs.
Crack-a-Head The act or result of testifying against another person in court or to the authorities. Syn . Snitching.
Defendant An individual’s pre-conviction status.
Diesel Therapy Tongue in cheek reference to an inmate being moved by bus from one holding facility to another en route to their assigned BOP institution. An alleged unwritten form of BOP punishment. (See In-Transit )
Dime A ten (10) year sentence.
DOJ or DoJ U.S. Department of Justice.
Dragging (an Inmate) Inmate assertion that the BOP staff is intentionally delaying mandated disciplinary procedures in order to keep the inmate confined in the SHU or under some other form of punishment.
Drug School Sentence reduction option for attending a school for drug or alcohol issues pursuant to Title 18, U.S.C., § 3621(e) .
Escape Formal federal criminal charge that can be lodged against any Camper for leaving BOP property (or a CCC) without proper/formal authorization.
Ethos See Inmate Ethos
FCI Federal Correctional Institution – Usually a Low or Medium security designation.
FISA Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.
FMC Federal Medical Centers
Fog Count Supplemental Stand-up count that is usually precipitated by inclement weather that limits tower/CO visibility. In that Camps have no fences or towers, this type of count would appear to be more traditional than practical.
FOP Fraternal Order of Police.
FPC Federal Prison Camp – Can be a stand-alone facility; however, more often than not, it will be attached to another government or military type installation.
FRP Financial Responsibility Program.
GED Graduate Equivalency Diploma (High School Diploma)
Good Time Although there is no “parole” in the federal system, inmates are entitled to approximately 15% of their total time to be vacated for good conduct while incarcerated. (See IMS)
Go-Lay-Down Usually a derogatory suggestion for an inmate to stop complaining or to leave another inmate alone.
Greens Usual duty uniform of a Camper – Green short sleeve shirt, greens pants, green canvas type belt, and black boots.
Half-Book Ten (10) U.S. postage stamps.
Having “Paper” Period of probation or USPO supervision after release.
Hole Refers to segregated/disciplinary cell(s) usually maintained in the Special Housing Unit – (SHU or the “Shoe” )
Home-Confinement Although rare, the option of serving some portion of a sentence in an inmate’s residence – serve a whole sentence, a portion of a sentence, or some portion in lieu of the CCC. If allowed, the court may require an ankle monitoring bracelet. (See Chapter 62)
Hooch An illicit alcoholic beverage made by inmates.
House (My/Your) The specific area where an inmate’s rack & locker are located and where the inmate has some expectation of privacy from other inmates.
HR House Resolution.
Hustle An inmate’s personal money making enterprise such as selling food from the kitchen, doing other inmate’s laundry, gambling, shining shoes, cutting hair, etc.
ICAP International Association of Chiefs of Police.
ICC Intensive Confinement Centers – “Boot Camps.” Although authorized under Title 18, U.S.C., § 4046 , these type of facilities are phased out by the BOP.
IMS Inmate Management System – BOP procedure responsible for mathematically establishing an inmate’s Out-Date . Each institution has an IMS Manager who maintains these dates for their respective inmate population.
Inmate Ethos Reference to an inmate’s common, albeit skewed, thought process or an accepted belief of most inmates.
In-Transit Inmate’s status when being transferred from one holding facility to another. Usually by bus or on “Con-Air” aircraft through the Oklahoma City Transit Center or Atlanta , GA.
ITS Inmate Telephone System
ITS Account The account holding funds that are available for the inmate to make outside telephone calls.
Inmate Any individual who has been convicted, designated, and confined to a BOP facility – Camps included.
KISS (Principle) Keep It Simple Stupid.
Lower-Bunk Pass Highly coveted medical exemption designating an inmate to a lower bunk in lieu of a top bunk.
Mainline Principle meal line for inmate population – breakfast, lunch, or supper.
MC Designation for a BOP facility with a Medical Center .
MCC Metropolitan Correctional Center – BOP holding facility usually found in urban areas.
MDC Metropolitan Detention Center – BOP detention/transit facility usually found in urban areas.
Nickel A five (5) year sentence.
OSHA Office of Safety and Health Administration
Out-Date The specific date the inmate is scheduled to be released from a BOP institution and/or sent to a Halfway House.
Out-of-Bounds Formal status or designated area (s) where a Camper is not allowed to be or travel to. A violation can result in serious disciplinary action. (See Escape)
PAC Number Personal Account Code – a nine (9) digit personalized number given to each inmate so that they can access their Commissary and ITS accounts, make telephone calls and transfer funds.
PC Protective Custody – Either BOP directed or inmate requested separation from the general inmate population. The involved inmate is then held in a segregated cell in the SHU.
Pill-Insulin Line Usually staffed by a nurse or Physician’s Assistant (PA) and called twice during the day – once near breakfast mainline and again at/near supper mainline. This is the scheduled time for “Chronic Care” inmates to receive their mandatory medications and/or for other inmates to sign-up to see the medical officer.
P.O. or USPO Probation Officer or United States Probation Officer.
Prospective Inmate Defendant who has been convicted and is awaiting sentencing and/or BOP designation.
R&D Receiving and Discharge – Administrative process every inmate goes through when entering or departing a BOP facility.
Rack An inmate’s personal 79″x 26″ bunk or bed.
Recall Formal public address announcement throughout the Camp directing all Campers back to the Housing Unit. Usually made immediately prior to and in preparation for a formal Stand-up Count
Region BOP Table of Organization (T.O.) divides their facilities into six (6) geographic regions. Although all six (6) report to the Central Office in Washington , D.C. , each Regional Director has managerial oversight over their respective facilities.
Riding-a-Leg Derogatory term referring to an inmate who is attempting to curry favor from a BOP staff member/CO – a sycophant or simply, a “Leg- Rider.”
ROR Released on Own Recognizance.
RPP Classes Release Preparation Process – five (5) to seven nine (7) classes (financial, health, domestic, employment, etc.) that are mandatory or all Campers prior to their release.
Rule 35 Judicial option available in the United States Code for a sentence reduction based on a defendant’s cooperation with the government (Can be Pre or Post conviction).
Safety Valve Sentence reduction option for certain first-time drug violators pursuant to Title 18, U.S.C., § 3553(f) .
Shakedown Unannounced and thorough search/inspection of an inmate’s personal property and general living area.
Shortline Early call allowing select inmates to dine early – usually an hour prior to mainline.
Shot Formal written disciplinary notice to an inmate.
SHU Special Housing Unit – disciplinary/segregated cells used to house dangerous inmates, PC inmates, escape risks, those inmates being punished for a breach of regulations, and/or possibly awaiting transfer to another institution.
Sick Call An inmate’s opportunity to see a nurse (RN), a Physician’s Assistant (PA), or, with a proper appointment, the medical doctor (MD). (See Pill- Insulin Line )
Soft Shoe Pass Coveted medical exemption allowing an inmate to wear sneakers in lieu of standard issue BOP black low-quarter leather boots.
SORT Special Operations Response Team – comprised of select CO – a highly trained and specially equipped unit that is tasked with emergency response situations within a BOP facility usually, a USP. As a collateral duty, the SORT is also usually tasked with conducting Camp Housing Unit shakedowns as well.
SPC Satellite Prison Camp – minimum-security federal prison camp usually attached to an FCI or USP. Designated as “work camps.”
Spork A plastic combination fork/spoon eating instrument that is common in any BOP facility.
Stand-Up Count Mandatory BOP inmate count requiring each Camp inmate to stand next to their assigned “rack” and be counted by two (2) CO. Usually conducted once a- day during the week (1600 hrs) and twice a-day on weekends and holidays (1000 hrs & 1600 hrs).
Tans/Khakis Brown/khaki colored uniforms worn by most BOP inmates other than Campers who wear greens.
Team A periodic formal meeting between an inmate and select BOP staff members. Discussion of inmate’s release status, any disciplinary issues, or concerns inmate might have.
Town Driver An inmate authorized to operate a motor vehicle and leave the BOP installation to run administrative errands.
Transit See In-Transit.
Transit Attire Normal attire worn by inmates during transit from one facility to another – Green/brown elastic waist pants-no belt/tan t-shirt/canvas type slippers.
TRULINCS Trust Fund Limited Inmate Communication System A BOP pilot program attempting to initiate e-mail capability for inmates in the BOP system.
Trust Fund Account Principle inmate fund account. See Commissary Account
UNICOR The BOP’s nation-wide industry manufacturing and development enterprise. Furniture, clothes, street signs, electronic appliances, etc.
U.S.C. United States Code – Federal criminal rules & statutes.
USMS United States Marshal’s Service.
USP United States Penitentiary – Usually High and Maximum security designation.
USPO United States Probation Office – also United States Probation Officer.
Visitor List The BOP approved list of people that are permitted to visit an inmate. ALL inmate visitors have to be pre-approved .
8, 8 ½, 9, 10, & 11 Series of official BOP Forms utilized by an inmate to file an official administrative grievance with the BOP.
2255 Motion Pursuant to Title 28, U.S.C., § 2255 , subsequent to a Direct Appeal, Appeal, an incarcerated inmate may file a motion with their respective sentencing court requesting to “vacate or set aside” their sentence based on an error in the original sentencing procedure(s).
24/7 24 hours per day, 7 days per week.